Mauritanian Federation of Agriculture
Mauritanian Federation of Agriculture
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania lies between longitudes 15 to 17 north and covers an area of 1,030,700 square km.
The desert climate in the north and south coast is generally hot and dry, and maximum temperatures in May-June exceed 44 degrees. The minimum temperatures can reach 10 degrees in January-February.
between 20-25 degrees in the winter which extends from November to February 40 degrees for the period from April to September.
From July to September : the rainy season. In the desert, there are very significant differences between daytime and nighttime temperatures at night the temperature can reach 0 degrees.
Wheat / barley
Milk (liquid / powder)
Attention : Deficit in food commodities between 30 and 35%.
It is spread in most part of the country, except for the region of the river. Cattle are concentrated especially in the south – east of the country (Hodh El Sharqi, Hodh El Gharbi, Assaba ), representing 64% of the cattle butcher, 49% of cattle, sheep and goats, camels and 40% of cattle.
-This region feeds mainly the capital and the northern cities it guarantees a significant portion of export for the money market.
– Southwest (Trarza, Brakna and kourkol) Cover 25 % of the cattle of butcher’s shop 38 % of the cattle, the ovine races and the goats, and 19 % of the camels of cattle; and the surplus of the production is used to feed the Senegalese market.
– The small ruminant production is still in its early stages.
– Pastures are many, however, they can not be operated along the year, partly due to the lack of permanent water points.
– The red meat production is estimated at 111 000 tones, which largely covers the demand that is 75,000 tones, and which allows to have a surplus of 36,000 tones.The demand for meat export is 90,000 tons (estimation and marketing of red meat in Mauritania, The Ministry of Rural Development 2009).
Semi intensive and generally practiced in the pond of the river with a light movement during the season of plantation.
The animal breeding is characterized by the absence of inventory of the cattle of breeding during the sixties ten, which were marked by the drought and led to the cancellation of the price setting of the cattle.
However we can refer to the statistics of the Directorate of Animal Development, Ministry of Rural Development presented in 2006. Estimates of cattle :
Sheep and goats
The total irrigation water management :
which allows for three annual campaigns :
Fruits and vegetables (sorghum, maize) during the cold period (November February), rice during the summer season (March-July). 8.900ha were restored in 2012; Source: Ministry of Rural Development, September 2012. Which allowed to reach a total irrigated area of 30,000 ha or 6% of the area of usable land. Rice is the most important irrigated agriculture provides 6-8 tons which is an average of 4 tons per hectare.
The scarcity of natural resources :
exploited areas ranging from 7000 hectares (2002) to 40,000 hectares (1996). Which is equivalent to 1.4% to 8% of the utilized agricultural area. The most important of these systems predictions are sorghum and millet. The yield is relatively high 0.6 t / ha in the natural scarcity and 0.9 t / ha in scarcity observed. This method of agriculture benefits at 50% from the conduct of the Manantali dam.
Marine Zone extends over a coastal band of 50 km large from the river Nouadhibou up to its delta. This production system coastline facilitates the exploitation of special abilities of this region, moisture, with lower and more conducive to the cultivation of legumes and trees temperatures. Exploitable agricultural land is estimated at 164,000 ha in the marine area. 33% of the wholes of usable land.This littoral system of production facilitates the exploitation of the particular capacities of this region, which enjoys more humidity and lower temperatures , it is more suitable to the culture of legumes and trees. The exploitable agricultural surfaces are estimated to 164.000 ha in the marine zone. That is 33 % of all the exploitable lands.
Farming is practiced near residential centers with new technologies .The production in Walo is low, from 0.6 tones to 0.9 tones per ha.